The history of building endoscopes is related in growing knowlege in physics, electricity, optics and light but also in workmanship and metalworking. Espacially the Age of Enlightment and the following industrial revolution brouht progress to endoscopy.
The Age of Enlightenment was a period between the 17th and 18th centuries and produced a number of important artists, thinkers and scientists. It was followed by the era of the Industrial Revolution. In this period the fundament for endoscopy were laid . (1806 by Philipp Bozzini)
But Endoscopy is much more than builging endoscopes. It is the story how and why endoscopy became so important for diagnosis and treatment of patients. Endoscopy is used nowadays in all medical disciplines with numerous applications and is part of minimally invasive treatment of patients. It helps to minimizes risks, pains and recovery time.
Endoscopy contents building of endoscopes, developing of different endoscopic surgical instruments, production of elctric devices and documentation systems and each of this fields has it´s own history.
To seperate the informations into different history storys helps to recognize the milestones which brought technical and treatment progress. Following the evolution process in endoscopy will help to judge about acutally offered products and treatment procedures in a competent way and will also help to recognize which future key technologies will have influence into endoscopic developments and treatment progress.